Basic Certificate of Education Advanced Level Assessment January 2012
Device 3 Modern-day Geographical Issues 1 . 40 pm to 4. 00 pm Wednesday 30 January 2012 With this paper you'll want: an AQA 12-page answer book. You may use a calculator.
Time allowed two hours 30 minutes Recommendations Use dark ink or perhaps black ball-point pen. Pad should just be used for pulling. Write the information necessary on the front of your response book. The Examining Physique for this paper is AQA. The Conventional paper Reference is usually GEOG3. Answer 3 options: one particular from every single Section. In Section C, you must not solution the same alternative as these chosen in Sections A and W. Make use of sketch roadmaps, diagrams and specific good examples, where appropriate. Do all tough work in the answer book. Cross through any job that you do not want to be marked.
Information The marks intended for questions are shown in brackets. The maximum tag for this paper is 90. You will be marked on your ability to: – use good English – organise data clearly – use expert vocabulary in which appropriate.
Tips You are encouraged to spend regarding 45 minutes on each of Parts A and B regarding 60 minutes about Section C.
Section A Solution one alternative from this section. You must not answer the option you will answer in Section C.
Plate Tectonics and Connected Hazards
Total for this alternative: 25 marks
Study Physique 1 which will shows the relationship between shaking intensity (measured by the Mercalli Scale) and various types of building structure. Describe and comment on the information offered. Figure you MERCALLI RANGE (7 marks)
Type of building structure Clayish (baked mud and clay) Unreinforced brickwork Reinforced brickwork (non-seismic design) Steel framed buildings Strong masonry (seismic design)
VII (Very Strong)
1 . 5
a few. 5
0. a few
1 . your five
Resource: US Geological Survey
The numbers are definitely the percentages of buildings destroyed or flattened.
a couple of
Outline the characteristics of seismic waves.
Measure the management approaches adopted next one earthquake that you have (10 marks) analyzed.
several Option two 0 four Weather and Climate and Associated Hazards Total in this option: 25 marks
Examine Figure a couple of which shows changes, in comparison with 1961 – 1990 averages, in temperature, sea level and northern hemisphere snow cover. This information came from the Intergovernmental -panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in 2007. Describe and comment on the alterations shown. Determine 2 (7 marks)
0. 5 Big difference from 1961 – 1990 average temperature (°C)
(a) Global average surface temperature
– 0. your five (b) Global average ocean level 60 Difference 0 from 1961 – 1990 – 55 average level – 90 (mm) – 150 (c) Northern hemisphere snow cover Difference from 1961 – 1990 average area (million km2) four
–4 1850 1875 1900 1925 Year 1950 1975 2150
Source: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Alter – Assessment Report 5 (2007)
Identify the feasible effects of climatic change on a tropical region that you have got (8 marks) studied. Talk about the replies to global warming on an intercontinental scale. (10 marks) Turn over
Environments: Change and Challenge
Total for this choice: 25 signifies
Study Determine 3 which in turn shows versions in herb and soar species in different grazing areas on Salisbury Plain, a grassland place in southern England. Most of this area is used by farm animals. Describe and comment on the variations displayed. (7 marks)
Figure a few
70 60 50 Volume of species 45 30 twenty 10 0 Ungrazed Grazed by cows over a very long time Grazed by simply sheep more than a long time Just lately grazed by cattle Recently grazed simply by sheep...