Contracts1 Essay

Agreements 1 Job

Question 1 .

The issue in cases like this is whether Widescope Pty Limited (Widescope) have got breached the advertising agreement with Entertaining Park Pty Ltd (Funpark) by not being willing to put the posters in all bus halts in the Geelong CBD and failing to keep up the condition of the posters or where required replace these people.

1 . 1 Widescope's pre-contractual statement

The first concern to address is whether the suggestion made by Tag (representing Widescope) to Lucy (representing Entertaining Park) through the pre-contractual talks that the posters would be located " in all bus ceases in the Geelong CBD area” was promissory in nature.

The question of whether the statement was promissory in nature must be determined objectively based on the entire facts of the case. As proven in Medical center Products versus United States Operative Corp a term is considered to be incorporated into the contract when a reasonable person, in the location of the functions, would ponder over it a assure. Furthermore, Oscar Chess Ltd v Williams advanced that statements could possibly be construed as promissory in the event made by a person with expertise and experience. In addition , the more importance the assertion is to the contract the much more likely to be regarded a assure. Another component considered in law (as to whether a press release is promissory) is whether the statement caused or meant to induce the party to contract.

The affirmation made by Indicate, in a position of experience and with the goal of causing Lucy to contract could possibly be construed while promissory in nature. The statement of fact was made; the purpose to guarantee the statement can be looked at through Term 4 of the contract. The contract mentioned that " posters will be placed, in terms of practicable, in most bus prevents in the Geelong CBD. ” The onus is upon Widescope to generate relevant info to Funpark to indicate which will bus stops were not ‘practicable' and why. The statement was of significant importance to Entertaining Park, this could be inferred by the consideration pertaining to the agreement ($150000) paid in advance of the services being made.

1 . a couple of The pre-contractual statement because collateral contract

The pre-contractual statement, could possibly be argued to point to the presence of a guarantee contract; it really is promissory and contradict the primary written document.

1 . 3 Parol Evidence Rule

Due to the uniformity with the pre-contractual statement plus the written deal it would be advisable to consider the informative matrix and examine the pre-contractual carry out of the celebrations as in Equascorp pty Limited v Glengallan Investments Pty Ltd.

1 ) 3 Replacing vandalised posters

Lucy required that Widescope replace cards that had been damaged. Mark responded by leading Lucy to Clause twenty of Widescope's Standard Advertising and marketing Terms and Conditions, which in turn stated that " Widescope will not be liable in any way whatsoever for any loss in the event that shuttle bus stops are rendered unusable due to vandalism or building development as well as any other foreseen or unanticipated interruptions in any respect. ” The replacement of vandalised and destroyed posters is a issue at this moment (the exemption clause will probably be addressed subsequently). Implied conditions (on the important points of the case) are classified as vital terms of the contract dependant on the objective goal of the get-togethers: Associated Magazines Ltd versus Bancks. Quality of essentially was even more clarified regarding Tramways Promoting Pty Limited v Vitrina Park (NSW) Ltd; being a party will not have entered into the contract unless certain of the faithfulness to the term. The Happy Council set up a five stage check of terms implied actually in the BP Refinery European Port v Shire of Hastings circumstance; they were recommended in Codelfa Construction Pty. Ltd. V State Rail Authority of N. S i9000. W.

In all probability the contract for promoting would not have already been entered into simply by Fun Area had the first placement as well as the replacement of the posters not been a great...

Bibliography: Seddon, N ou al, Cheshire and Fifoot Law of Contract (LexisNexis, 10th ed. 2012)

Thampapillai, D ainsi que al, Contract Law: Text message and Cases (Oxford School Press, 2012)

B. Cases

Balog sixth is v Crestani (1975) 132 CLR 289 at 296; 6 ALR up to 29

BP Refinery Western Slot v Shire of Hastings [1977] HCA 225

Carr v Berriman Pty Limited (1953) 89 CLR 327 at 348-9

Codelfa Building Pty. Limited. V Express Rail Expert of In. S. T [1982] HCA24; (1982) 149 CLR 337

Darlington Futures and options Ltd sixth is v Delco Down under Pty Limited (1986) 161 CLR 500 at 510; 68 ALR 385

Ellul v Oakes (1972) several SASR 377

Equascorp pty Ltd v Glengallan Investments Pty Limited [2004] HCA 55

Falconer v Wilson (1973) two NSWLR 131

Hospital Products Ltd versus United States Surgical Corporation [1984] HCA sixty four; (1984) 156 CLR forty one

Laurinda Pty Ltd sixth is v Capalaba Area Shopping Center Pty Limited (1989) 166 CLR 623

Louinder sixth is v Leis (1982) 149 CLR 509

Newspaper publishers Ltd v Bancks (1951)83 CLR 322

Oscar Chess Ltd versus Williams [1957] 1 WLR 370

OzEcom v Hudson Investment Group [2007] NSWSC 719

Perri v Coolangatta Investments Pty Ltd (1982) 149 CLR

Sanpine Pty Ltd versus Koompahtoo Neighborhood Aboriginal Council [2006] NSWCA 291

Shepperd sixth is v Council of Ryde (1985) 85 CLR 1

Smith v Hamilton [1951] Ch 174

Cost (FGCT) Pty Ltd versus Alphapharm Pty Ltd (2004) 219 CLR 165

Tramways Advertising Pty Ltd sixth is v Luna Playground (NSW) Limited (1938) 37 SR (NSW) 632

Vehicle den Esschert v Chappell [1960] WARFARE 114

[ one particular ]. (1984) 55 ALR 17.

[ some ]. Ellul v Oakes (1972) a few SASR 377; see as well Hospital Items v United states of america Surgical Corp (1984) 55 ALR 417, 427 per Gibbs CJ.

[ 5 ]. Shepperd sixth is v Council of Ryde (1985) 85 CLR 1 .

[ eight ]. (1951)83 CLR 322.

[ 10 ]. (1938) 38 SR (NSW) 632.

[ 12 ]. [1982] HCA24; (1982) 149 CLR 337.

[ 18 ]. (2004) 219 CLR 165.

[ 12-15 ]. Perri v Coolangatta Investments Pty Ltd (1982) 149 CLR 537, 533 per Mason J.

[ 18 ]. [1984] HCA sixty four; (1984) 156 CLR 41.

[ 22 ]. [1984] HCA 64; (1984) 156 CLR 41.

[ twenty six ]. (1982) 149 CLR 509.

[ twenty-seven ]. (1989) 166 CLR 623.

[ 28 ]. (1973) 2 NSWLR 131.

[ up to 29 ]. (1953) 89 CLR 327 by 348-9.

[ 40 ]. (1975) 132 CLR 289 at 296; 6th ALR twenty nine.

[ 32 ]. (1973) a couple of NSWLR 131.

[ 33 ]. (1989) 166 CLR 623.

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