Romantic relationship Between Tourism and Ethnical Heritage Administration: Evidence by Hong Kong

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 Essay regarding Relationship Between Tourism and Cultural Historical past Management: Facts from Hk

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Tourism Management 26 (2005) 539–548

Romance between travel and social heritage managing: evidence via Hong Kong$ Bob McKerchera, *, Pamela S. Con. Hoa, Hilary du Crosb

b a School of Hotel and Tourism Management, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Put up Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong Section of Location, The University or college of Hong Kong/School of Hotel and Tourism Administration, The Hk Polytechnic College or university, Hong Kong

Received 24 Nov 2003; recognized 4 February 2004

Subjective This newspaper examines the size of the relationship between tourism and cultural history management inside the established city destination of Hong Kong. In the past, conflict theory has formed the basis of most of the research of interactions between tourism and other sectors. However , a conflict paradigm may not be the best framework. Instead, the writers outline a continuum reflecting different amounts of maturity in the relationship between these two groups. Seven distinct possible relationships are identified, that are influenced by five mitigating conditions. r 2004 Elsevier Limited. All legal rights reserved. Keywords: Cultural travel; Cultural history management; Interactions; Conflict

1 . Introduction Travel and leisure and ethnic heritage administration (CHM) often have an awkward relationship. Traditionally, CHM has been in charge of the supply and conservation of ethnical heritage assets, while the broadly based travel sector offers assumed the merchandise development and promotion part. Two other views of the nature from the relationship have been completely promulgated, that reflect distinct extremes of the conflict/co-operation dichotomy. On the one hand, many people have suggested that tourism and CHM are contrapuesto (Berry, year 1994; Boniface, 1998; Jacobs & Gale, 1994; Jansen-Verbeke, 1998), and that for this reason incompatibility, a conflict romantic relationship is unavoidable. The social heritage sector argues that cultural ideals are sacrificed for industrial gain (Urry, 1990; Daniel, 1996; ICOMOS, 1999), while tourism proponents feel that tourism values are compromised if a management frame of mind exists that any ‘‘tourismification'' $

Financing for this project was presented to by a grant from the University's Grant Committee of the Hk SAR Authorities. *Corresponding creator. Tel.: +852-2766-6553; fax: +852-23629362. E-mail addresses: [email protected] edu. hk (B. McKercher). 0261-5177/$ - discover front matter r 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. doi: 10. 1016/j. tourman. 2004. 02. 018

has a corrupting influence (Hovinen, 1995; Fyall & Garrod, 1996). The choice argument is that the sharing in the resource creates partnership chances, whereby mutually beneficial effects can be attained. Heritage travel and leisure reintroduces visitors to their cultural roots (Donert & Mild, 1996; McCarthy, 1994) and reinvigorates people's interest in record or lifestyle (Squire, 1996; Tourism Canada, 1991; WTO, nd). Further, culture as a tourist attraction can be a highly effective force in arguing a region's ancient, cultural, religious and professional past needs to be conserved (see for example Harrison, 1997; Frew & Shaw, 1995; Brokensha & Gruldberg, 1992; Nolan & Nolan, 1992; Simons, 1996). Concerns can be raised about the validity of dichotomous relationships that portray the discussion between the two of these sectors because representing either extreme of any conflict/partnership continuum. Are conflict or comanagement the only feasible scenarios which exist between those two diverse stakeholders, or may other likely relationships are present? This conventional paper explores the dynamics in the relationship among tourism and CHM in the context of the established, downtown destination of Hong Kong. It will so from the perspective in the asset director that must handle the impacts of travel and leisure.

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540 B. McKercher et approach. / Travel and leisure Management 26 (2005) 539–548

2 . Conflict and human relationships between tourism and other stakeholders The nature of the relationship...

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