Using materials from Item A and elsewhere, measure the functionalist look at that religious beliefs benefits both equally society in general and its person members.
Functionalists believe that contemporary society is similar to a full time income organism and that all cultural institutions execute specific functions in order to help society function effectively. Consider that religious beliefs contributes to benefit consensus and social the use. For example Durkheim sees faith as a way for integrating people into a community by instilling into these people a set of distributed beliefs which gives them a feeling of belonging.
Emile Durkheim examined a tribe society called the Arunta, he points out that the communautaire worship of the sacred totem unified world. He explained that their very own totem can be sacred, that inspired thoughts of wonder and awe due to the fact it is different to every other normal, profane item. Durkheim believes that the key feature of religion has not been merely a belief in gods or higher power, but the big difference between the almost holy and ordinary. Durkheim continue to be say that no matter what religion views to be sacred, must be noticed to represent contemporary society itself, as a result when a single worships a sacred symbol, one is worshiping society itself. This demonstrates that religion can be described as means of uniting all people and tribes, by using a consensus.
However Durkheim has been criticised due to the fact that his research was only studied on a few Aboriginal groupings, misleading to generalise about the aborigines let alone faith as a whole dependant on this. Durkheim's views will be more appropriate for small , non-literate, policia cultural communities with close integration. His views are less relevant to modern societies, which have many subcultures and cultural groups.
Malinowski's research also shows how religion can be used to help culture and individuals, and agrees with Durkheim's reason of how religion helps with psychological functions. Malinowski studied the Trobriand Islands, looking at fishing with bodies of water....